At Johns Hopkins, implicit gender bias was recognized as one of the main reasons for unequal diagnosis and treatment of preventable blood clots. A blood clot prevention checklist was created to disrupt this bias, both by dissagregating decisions as well as reducing intervention of human judgement.
As one of the states most heavily affected by the nationwide opiate-addiction epidemic, Kentucky is rethinking its penal system for dealing with drug offenders. Instead of leaving addicts to languish in the typical jailhouse environment of "extortion, violence and tedium," more than two dozen of the state's county jails have created separate units devoted to full-time addiction treatment and support-services for prisoners that involve peer-policing. For the former inmates who participated in peer-policing, the approach has significantly reduced recidivism and relapse rates in the counties’ communities.
Companies U-Haul and supermarket supplier C&S Wholesale Grocers are partnering with The Conservation Fund to promote conservation with an environmental and economic focus. They will offset their wood consumption by boosting the protection of forest-based supply chains, creating investments in land easements that will restore and protect native habitats.
Rotterdam is increasingly threatened by climate change and the rising water levels. Instead of building barriers, they are choosing to work with the water and help it flow through the 'Room for the River' project and other innovations.
The Martu people, once again granted rights to their native land, are bringing back the bioregenerative technique of small-scale land burning. In the past century, wildfires have ravaged the areas these people call home and has lead to the loss of over 18 species of animal. It is hoped that by imparting this traditional method of ecological maintenance that wildfires will diminish along with the extinction that they bring.
With the reintroduction of predators such as wolves and grizzly bears in Montana's national parks, ranchers' livestock are increasingly being targeted by these carnivores. When livestock is threatened their health decreases due to the stress of survival. To mitigate this issue, livestock composting sites have been created providing meat for the predators and increased safety for the ranchers and their livestock.
With the prices of solar technology dropping and the opportunity to save drastically on energy usage and costs, businesses and organizations across the country are investing more in solar infrastructure for their buildings and facilities. The Better Buildings Initiative of the US Department of Energy is helping by providing guidance and documenting effective approaches and financing for renewables installations - from hotels, to schools, to big box retail.
Empower Generation is a grassroots social enterprise empowering local Nepalese women to run clean energy businesses, distributing solar in their local communities. The female entrepreneurs in the organization are currently bringing solar power to Chitwan National Park - home to some of Asia's most remarkable and endangered species - and the light provided by the solar panels the women install will help reduce poaching activities and enhance the productivity of the park rangers, while lifting up the local community and providing the women with a steady source of sustainable income.
In rural villages like Ndomoni, access to water is paramount to community development, and locals are the first to recognize that other issues such as maternal health cannot be addressed until there is clean drinking water. The installation of a central borehole well is not only providing the village access to water, is has freed up the many hours a day women and girls spent fetching water from other distant sources, allowing them to stay in school, attend to the health of the family, and pursue other business.
Air pollution is a major health risk, and growing in severity as more of the population moves to urban (more polluted areas). University friends from Germany have created a "CityTree," which filters toxic pollutants from the air with the power of moss that can be installed around cities.
The Holberton School, a San Francisco "start-up" university with a two-year curriculum, aims to provide an affordable and estimable computer science education while removing barriers to knowledge -- age, gender, ethnicity, past professional life -- typically confronted by minority and low-income students across the nation. And by "teaching the population frozen out of the internet age, meaning people of color, women, and the non-wealthy," Holberton demonstrates how altered admissions processes and atypical, low-cost tuition plans imbue the tech sector's workforce with a more diverse array of high-quality, qualified candidates than those typically recruited from elite universities like Stanford or CalTech.
A team of engineers at IIT Madras, a public university in India, has partnered with local utilities and the national Ministry of Power to bring sustainable, low-cost electricity to more than 70 off-grid rural villages in the northwestern state of Rajasthan. With solar power supplied by DC microgrids, these poor communities, previously denied access to electricity by virtue of their rurality, are now experiencing transformations known to increase quality-of-life: affordable DC-fridges that aid in food preservation, fans which mitigate heat and repel mosquitoes, and battery-powered phones connecting them to public emergency services.
To help patients deal with the legal problems in their life that might be contributing to their illness, about 300 health care systems around the country have set up medical-legal collaborations to help patients solve legal problems that can affect their health — at little or no cost to the patients.
With the help of researchers at an American university, Kenya "matatu," or bus, industry is experiencing a marked decline in accidents with pedestrians. Called "Zusha!," researchers began a campaign which placed stickers in buses and encouraged passengers to tell reckless drivers to slow down and exercise more caution: it amounted to a low-cost solution to a high vehicle-pedestrian accident rate in the country, creating driver-accountability through behavioral "nudges" and decreasing accidents by 25%.
Iceland, hit by the oil crises of the 1970s, turned to geothermal energy - and they haven't turned back. The island is now powered by 100% renewable energy, and they are taking it one step more, looking to further cut emissions using a unique carbon capture system called CarbFix is being pioneered at the Hellsheidi geothermal power plant in western Iceland.
Respiratory diseases caused by air pollution now account for more premature deaths in people worldwide than malaria and HIV combined. To address increasing contamination levels, particularly in cities, scientists have developed a new kind of cement that absorbs pollutants like CO2. The special cement is being manufactured in Milan, and used around in the world in cities like Paris and Chicago.
Hopeworks 'N Camden prepares teens for jobs in Camden, PA through programs aimed to address any previous childhood trauma or socioeconomic stresses. It has not been without set backs but the program is proving to set this generation up for a better future along with employable skills.
In 1986, the city of Baltimore battled the Reagan administration over its local anti-apartheid ordinances—and won. How they prevailed may have important lessons for cities trying to resist Trump today; from his policies regarding immigration to climate change.
The United Kingdom is finding creative ways to simultaneously address renewable energy needs and waste disposal. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants are utilizing chicken manure from farms and coffee grounds to create electricity. The initiatives have the added benefit of improving standards for the treatment of poultry, as well as reducing the distribution of harmful toxins from the waste.
Throughout history, shifts in energy have often been a defining point of civilization's growth and development: from wood to coal, from coal to natural gas, and now, from fossil fuels to renewables. Such economic shifts usually take decades, but thanks to rapidly evolving disruptive technologies, dropping prices of solar and wind power sources, and increasing market demand for green business, the new age of renewable energy could encompass the world economy much more quickly.
The country of Jordan has one of the scarcest water supplies of any country on earth - one that can barely sustain its population, especially with Syrian refugees pouring in and further straining limited resources. Poor piping infrastructure and leaks greatly contribute to the shortage. An organization called Water Wise Women is training women in plumbing skills, empowering them to repair leakages in their homes and communities to help save precious water.
Nearly a billion people living in the arid regions of the Himalayas depend on glaciers for their water supply. But with climate change, glaciers have been retreating drastically every year, threatening the life source of villagers like those in the Ladakh region of Kashmir. One engineer, Sonam Wangchuck, has come up with an ingenious feat of engineering to help the villages store glacier water by constructing stupas - or towers - using thorn branches that retain ice in tall structures, which melts and provides clean water for drinking and agriculture during the dry season.
For decades, Franklin County's comprehensive healthcare plan has kept its residents some of the healthiest people in Maine despite being some of the poorest as well. Now, Oregon is looking to do the same.
A at Deakin University’s School of Engineering in Australia has developed a world-first technology 3D printer prototype capable of printing plumbing and sanitation supplies using discarded plastics - and what's more, it runs on solar power. They are partnering with NGO Plan International to implement this technology in the Solomon Islands, where locals will be taught to print the parts they need, thereby solving the dual problems of plastic rubbish and a lack of access to vital mechanical parts for clean water supply. The model enables these communities with their own tools to solve their own problems, and could have endless applications as the technology evolves.