With the reintroduction of predators such as wolves and grizzly bears in Montana's national parks, ranchers' livestock are increasingly being targeted by these carnivores. When livestock is threatened their health decreases due to the stress of survival. To mitigate this issue, livestock composting sites have been created providing meat for the predators and increased safety for the ranchers and their livestock.
The United Kingdom is finding creative ways to simultaneously address renewable energy needs and waste disposal. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants are utilizing chicken manure from farms and coffee grounds to create electricity. The initiatives have the added benefit of improving standards for the treatment of poultry, as well as reducing the distribution of harmful toxins from the waste.
Nearly a billion people living in the arid regions of the Himalayas depend on glaciers for their water supply. But with climate change, glaciers have been retreating drastically every year, threatening the life source of villagers like those in the Ladakh region of Kashmir. One engineer, Sonam Wangchuck, has come up with an ingenious feat of engineering to help the villages store glacier water by constructing stupas - or towers - using thorn branches that retain ice in tall structures, which melts and provides clean water for drinking and agriculture during the dry season.
Fariel Salahuddin was determined to tackle the extreme lack of access to fresh water she encountered in rural Pakistani communities, but she wanted the model to be sustainable, not dependent on donations. Most of the communities didn't have regular access to rupees to help sustain their solar water pump micro-enterprises - what they did have, however, were goats. Salahuddin set up a scheme where villagers could pay for their clean water access with livestock instead of cash, which she then sells using Facebook at high rates during Muslim festivals to generate a sustainable revenue source.
In agricultural communities across Kenya, global warming has led local farmers to turn to camels -- as an alternative to cows -- for dairy products both to feed their families and take to the local markets to sell: thanks to their ability to go weeks without water, camels are much more drought-tolerant than cattle, and they consume less water in general, too. Furthermore, with an uptick in demand both regionally and nationally for camel milk, farmers are finding themselves with new purchasing power for various goods and services -- and some are planning to export the milk and yogurt to neighboring Somalia, where the product is also quite popular.
Community leaders are working together to address the issue of food insecurity in Mansfield, caused not just by lack of access to grocery stores and fresh food sources, but also often by unemployment, high housing costs, low wages, poverty, and health care costs. The North End Local Foods Initiative is installing food gardens in these communities, creating access to fresh produce, to educational opportunities, recreational activity and more.
Fresh Harvest farms is the foray into social enterprise and agriculture by revolutionary consulting firm Innovation Alchemy, and reflects a positive and growing trend in the professional services community to directly innovative and experiment with models and ideas before pitching them to clients.. They provide insights on social innovation, sustainability, supply chain management and advice on how to scale up solutions for the base of the pyramid by experiencing firsthand what their clients need through the management of Fresh Harvest.
The cotton industry is turning to a wide variety of innovations such as remote sensing, water regulation, no-till methods etc. in order to combat the varied and complex impacts climate change is having on it.
Regenerative farming practices such as cover crops can be environmentally friendly and financially profitable. But federal crop insurance rules and certain characteristics of the agriculture industry have prevented farmers from employing these techniques fully. However, one farmer, Gail Fuller, has been working to broaden access to such techniques.
Unexpected weather patterns began affecting crops in Kenya. The Government of Makueni region provided a group of local leaders weather text messages to distribute into the community to assist plan food crops.
In this episode of New Mexico in Focus, we examine the economic impact of medical cannabis in rural communities in our latest report for Small Towns, Big Change. Producer Sarah Gustavus also looks at the potential impact of legalizing recreational marijuana in New Mexico.
For something as important as food, many communities in the West struggle. That's because agricultural systems aren't really geared for the communities that harvest the food. In this episode of West Obsessed, the writers and editors of High Country News discuss some of the most interesting challenges — and solutions — to rural food supply.
Ethiopia has the largest population of donkeys in the world 7 million donkeys. Donkey Sanctuary teaches people how to take care for their animals increasing the likeliness of the animal to help the family over the long term.
In the United States, minors are often tried and sentenced as adults, leading to traumatizing circumstances and high recidivism. In Germany, minors cannot be tried as adults and are put in prisons that double as farms, aiming to mirror the outside world.
Climate change causes intense weather, such as droughts and hurricanes, which damage vegetation and cultivation of farming practices. In addition, farming can contribute to climate change because it causes greenhouse gas emissions. The Malawi Farmer to Farmer Agroecology project has offered low-cost and low-technology techniques, as well as farmer-to-farmer teaching, which has successfully diversified crops and improved food security.
A tax break for open space may help protect New Mexico’s farm land from development, preserving generations-old tradition and ownership, while maintaining valuable land for a future agricultural resurgence.
In India, the food business has lacked transparency and people have depended upon imported foods that have been chemically treated. New programs, such as Jivabhumi and Organic Mandya, connects consumers with organic farmers to receive locally-made chemically-free food. The organic food industry is expanding to offer tourists the ability to see where their food comes from in order to encourage informed consumerism.
Environmental refugees in Ethiopia flee their country because there are no jobs without healthy land. A group of former refugees have returned to Ethiopia with a business venture in Gergera to improve the land by regreening efforts, foresting, and building water conservation systems. The new businesses demonstrated such positive effects that the region is now on the brink of resettlement due to improved environmental conditions.
Israel experienced extreme drought a few years ago and its water supply was very low. National campaigns to install desalination plants have helped Israel turnaround its inadequate water supply into a surplus. The water scientists who have helped make this surplus see an opportunity for water diplomacy and the de-politicization of water in the Middle East so that more of it can be shared with other geographies.
For the last 700 years women in Ghana and Liberia have been using a valuable farming technique that modern-day agronomists have only recently figured out. It transforms depleted soil into "enduringly fertile" farmland.
With climate changes causing extreme fluctuations in the weather, agricultural conditions and small farming operations are suffering around the world. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has funded research and initiatives that reduce poverty in the world and increase agricultural development. The Foundation supports the tools, crops, and partnerships for more robust and resilient crop yields through its Stress Tolerant Rise for Africa and South Asia initiative.