At Johns Hopkins, implicit gender bias was recognized as one of the main reasons for unequal diagnosis and treatment of preventable blood clots. A blood clot prevention checklist was created to disrupt this bias, both by dissagregating decisions as well as reducing intervention of human judgement.
As one of the states most heavily affected by the nationwide opiate-addiction epidemic, Kentucky is rethinking its penal system for dealing with drug offenders. Instead of leaving addicts to languish in the typical jailhouse environment of "extortion, violence and tedium," more than two dozen of the state's county jails have created separate units devoted to full-time addiction treatment and support-services for prisoners that involve peer-policing. For the former inmates who participated in peer-policing, the approach has significantly reduced recidivism and relapse rates in the counties’ communities.
In rural villages like Ndomoni, access to water is paramount to community development, and locals are the first to recognize that other issues such as maternal health cannot be addressed until there is clean drinking water. The installation of a central borehole well is not only providing the village access to water, is has freed up the many hours a day women and girls spent fetching water from other distant sources, allowing them to stay in school, attend to the health of the family, and pursue other business.
Air pollution is a major health risk, and growing in severity as more of the population moves to urban (more polluted areas). University friends from Germany have created a "CityTree," which filters toxic pollutants from the air with the power of moss that can be installed around cities.
To help patients deal with the legal problems in their life that might be contributing to their illness, about 300 health care systems around the country have set up medical-legal collaborations to help patients solve legal problems that can affect their health — at little or no cost to the patients.
Respiratory diseases caused by air pollution now account for more premature deaths in people worldwide than malaria and HIV combined. To address increasing contamination levels, particularly in cities, scientists have developed a new kind of cement that absorbs pollutants like CO2. The special cement is being manufactured in Milan, and used around in the world in cities like Paris and Chicago.
The country of Jordan has one of the scarcest water supplies of any country on earth - one that can barely sustain its population, especially with Syrian refugees pouring in and further straining limited resources. Poor piping infrastructure and leaks greatly contribute to the shortage. An organization called Water Wise Women is training women in plumbing skills, empowering them to repair leakages in their homes and communities to help save precious water.
Nearly a billion people living in the arid regions of the Himalayas depend on glaciers for their water supply. But with climate change, glaciers have been retreating drastically every year, threatening the life source of villagers like those in the Ladakh region of Kashmir. One engineer, Sonam Wangchuck, has come up with an ingenious feat of engineering to help the villages store glacier water by constructing stupas - or towers - using thorn branches that retain ice in tall structures, which melts and provides clean water for drinking and agriculture during the dry season.
For decades, Franklin County's comprehensive healthcare plan has kept its residents some of the healthiest people in Maine despite being some of the poorest as well. Now, Oregon is looking to do the same.
A at Deakin University’s School of Engineering in Australia has developed a world-first technology 3D printer prototype capable of printing plumbing and sanitation supplies using discarded plastics - and what's more, it runs on solar power. They are partnering with NGO Plan International to implement this technology in the Solomon Islands, where locals will be taught to print the parts they need, thereby solving the dual problems of plastic rubbish and a lack of access to vital mechanical parts for clean water supply. The model enables these communities with their own tools to solve their own problems, and could have endless applications as the technology evolves.
CIMAvax, a new lung cancer treatment based in Cuba, has proved to stop and reduce the growth of tumors. Although it's not FDA regulated, many Americans are turning to the therapeutic drug in hopes of reducing the effects of cancer.
The Centre for the Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence in Quebec has expanded rapidly, becoming a model for programs around the world. What sets it apart from projects in Europe and the United States is that it confronts extremism of all stripes — not just Islamist — and focuses on behavior that signals the risk of violence, not just radical ideas, only involving law enforcement as a last resort.
Most police departments train their officers how to shoot their guns rather than how to problem solve without the use of force. A Minneapolis police department has learned how to de-escalate conflict. By incorporating communication and listening skills for de-escalation, the police department has seen a decrease in the use of force.
Police agencies in thirty-four different states offer little or no training in diffusing conflicts, resulting in an overuse of force and a sense of mistrust from the communities they serve. Some cities in the United States have integrated training in de-escalation and have seen a decrease in the use of force as well as an increase in community trust. However not every police agency in the country is convinced this training is needed.
More lives are being touched by sorrow as the opioid crisis continues to escalate. For mothers of addicts, recovered addicts, and addicts themselves, programs like Pathways to Housing and Prevention Point are bringing together this community in a effort to heal.
Gunshot victims have previously been treated at hospitals and then sent back out into the community where often they would be shot again or be violent to others, while suffering both physically and mentally. Ohio is now using an influx of federal crime victims assistance through a Trauma Recovery Network that helps with a wide range of issues as victims rejoin everyday life.
Syrian refugees have experienced an increase in domestic violence, and some men have projected their stresses onto women or their children. Instead of reprimanding the men, some aid organizations have set up support groups designed to help men channel their stresses in different, healthier ways. The approach establishes new social norms in how men treat women and view their own masculinity.
Community Health Workers in Richmond County work to reduce barriers - including employment, education, smoking, food security or housing - that may contribute to the likelihood of infant mortality. Using the Community HUB Pathways Model to minimize significant sources of stress in a woman’s life, they are helping drive down infant mortality rates in Ohio, particularly for women and babies of color.
Community leaders are working together to address the issue of food insecurity in Mansfield, caused not just by lack of access to grocery stores and fresh food sources, but also often by unemployment, high housing costs, low wages, poverty, and health care costs. The North End Local Foods Initiative is installing food gardens in these communities, creating access to fresh produce, to educational opportunities, recreational activity and more.
Around the world, more and more people are launching projects through mobile apps that use smartphones to collect massive amounts of data for solving chronic issues. By asking thousands of volunteers to donate their data for the greater good, researchers can access data in quantities that were previously unobtainable.
Opioid addiction runs rampant in the United States. However, researchers are becoming more convinced that cannabis can help prevent opioid abuse from even happening. In states where cannabis is legal the rate of opioid overdose is lower than states where cannabis is banned.
In Africa, millions of people suffer from HIV and the majority of them are women. The dapivirine ring decreases the risk for women to receive HIV. The ring is in the piloting phase but early results show that it reduces the of contracting HIV by up to 75%.
On the island of Jersey, postal workers don’t just deliver the mail - they also check up on elderly people during their routes. With a quick face-to-face chat, they check they’ve taken their medication and if there’s anything else they need. The project has caught the attention of post offices - and health professionals - around the world as a potential effective method to help solve the social care crisis for a rapidly-aging population.
Two million people with mental illness are booked into jails every year, preventing them from receiving treatment and creating a burden on prisons. Experts say communities like Victoria, Texas should start mental health courts, which address a defendant’s underlying illness rather than punish them for crime. The model seems to be working in neighboring Midland.