Across the country in efforts to diminish violent crime, police agencies like that in Rockland, IL, are revisiting a model law enforcement strategy of the 1970s, "community policing," as an alternative to the more recent "broken windows" style of the late nineties and early aughts. Research substantiates its effectiveness, too, in building citizens' trust of law enforcement, helping a community's ability to solve its own problems, and, in turn, decreasing crime rates; despite redefined priorities in the wake of 9/11 and post-recession budget cuts, community policing is again on the rise and bringing positive results, too.
An alternative approach to education has long existed, but in the last decade, collaborations between non-profit student-support organizations and public schools have fostered a model called "Last-Chance Schools" with remarkable success among the population served: high-school students who dropped out, often for reasons related to economic disadvantages, unaddressed mental health challenges, violence and unstable home lives. As several Boston charter schools demonstrate with "last-chance" programs, though, use of social-emotional learning, conflict-mediation instead of zero-tolerance discipline, and flexible curricula based on "what you know," has helped over 65% of their students graduate -- with 70% going on to college -- and boasts one of the lowest suspension rates in Massachusetts.
The rapid evolution of technology is continually opening new doors for how microfinance projects can be implemented, improved, and scaled. The team at ADDO A.I. sees artificial intelligence as the catalyst for both microfinance and microinsurance in the emerging markets of Asia. A.I. reduces the need for human assessments, facilitating faster pay-outs and reduced losses through predictive data, while combining information such as financial histories and social media activity with historic context data to create fair, realistic risk assessments that lead to improved credit products.
Mitigating homelessness on Los Angeles' infamous "Skid Row" comprises myriad obstacles, from securing funds and fostering political will needed to create affordable housing, to overcoming local residents' concern that shelters bring crime, blight and diminished property values. But a collaboration between city officials, a USC architecture class project, and the Skid Row Housing Trust has responded with a multi-pronged solution in "pod-style" housing units: a cost-effective pre-fab design technology eases their transportation, on-site construction and visual imposition on a neighborhood, while the pods' zoning classification as "congregant housing" minimizes the risk for local opposition to homeless support services on claims of structural or aesthetic noncompliance.
Given climate change, population pressures, and mobilization epidemics are only going to occur more frequently, and past ones have proven to be disastrous and expensive. The Center for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) is focused on developing vaccines to viruses such as ebola, as well as creating a fast approval path for future vaccines and help increase global preparedness for future epidemics.
It is expensive to be poor in America. When a mother of two could not afford repairs, lost her job and found her self homeless with her children. It seemed as if there was no hope in the world. The Pathway of Hope program by the salvation army helped that mother to pick her self up and start over.
Microfinance was widely lauded for decades as a surefire and promising way to break the cycle of poverty and uplift the economies of the developing world, especially when targeted for women. But hard data has shown that, on its own, micro-loans don't serve to create sustainable change without a comprehensive approach, and that there are many other factors - such as education and healthcare - to consider when leveraging these tools.
With the reintroduction of predators such as wolves and grizzly bears in Montana's national parks, ranchers' livestock are increasingly being targeted by these carnivores. When livestock is threatened their health decreases due to the stress of survival. To mitigate this issue, livestock composting sites have been created providing meat for the predators and increased safety for the ranchers and their livestock.
Chehalis had such a low college admissions and graduation rate that the Washington county was not competitive in the midst of the technology jobs in the state. The Chehalis school district has teamed up with the Chehalis Foundation, a non-profit that fundraises for schools, and has helped the district to purchase new technology, offer free classes, and fund student counseling services. The district succeeded in changing the social norms that a college education wasn’t necessary, by forming partnerships with community colleges and advocating for higher education through social events.
Many Nepalese women are lacking a place in the job market and unable to support themselves in the Nepalese economy. A traditional way of weaving has brought a new source of income to some women entrepreneurs.
Extensive research by TARU, an Indian thinktank, shows how cities and towns in India have combined decentralized action and "multi-stakeholder engagement" in public policy to respond to problems of scarcity in water and power as well as climate change-related natural disasters. With "active engagement of communities, scientists, civil society and an elected representative," municipalities put responsibility for improving local lives at the grassroots level; integrate disruptive technologies from the private sector; and foster collaboration between government and citizens.
Hopeworks 'N Camden prepares teens for jobs in Camden, NJ. through programs aimed to address any previous childhood trauma or socioeconomic stresses. It was characterized by set backs but the program is proving to set to provide the next generation with employable skills.
In 1986, the city of Baltimore battled the Reagan administration over its local anti-apartheid ordinances—and won. How they prevailed may have important lessons for cities trying to resist Trump today; from his policies regarding immigration to climate change.
For decades, Franklin County's comprehensive healthcare plan has kept its residents some of the healthiest people in Maine despite being some of the poorest as well. Now, Oregon is looking to do the same.
Despite hydropower’s potential as a viable source of renewable energy, there are significant economic, social, and ecological consequences whenever dams are installed. The Nature Conservancy has pioneered a planning approach – “Hydropower by Design” - that examines dams in the context of an entire river basin, rather than on a project-by-project basis. This method better anticipates and balances the environmental, social, and economic effects of any single project, while at the same time ensuring that a community’s energy needs are met.
The Centre for the Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence in Quebec has expanded rapidly, becoming a model for programs around the world. What sets it apart from projects in Europe and the United States is that it confronts extremism of all stripes — not just Islamist — and focuses on behavior that signals the risk of violence, not just radical ideas, only involving law enforcement as a last resort.
More lives are being touched by sorrow as the opioid crisis continues to escalate. For mothers of addicts, recovered addicts, and addicts themselves, programs like Pathways to Housing and Prevention Point are bringing together this community in a effort to heal.
Fundación Paraguaya has partnered is helping drastically redefine the way that poverty is identified, defined, and addressed. Through a simple interactive survey called "Poverty Spotlight" taken on a cell phone or tablet poor families and workers can self-assess their level of poverty. They are then paired with microfinance agents to develop a plan to tackle their own unique challenges with assistance in the form of training, technology, or small loans.
Community Health Workers in Richmond County work to reduce barriers - including employment, education, smoking, food security or housing - that may contribute to the likelihood of infant mortality. Using the Community HUB Pathways Model to minimize significant sources of stress in a woman’s life, they are helping drive down infant mortality rates in Ohio, particularly for women and babies of color.
Emergency medical response systems are facing challenges in meeting the needs of clients and financial limits. This has left the system unable to effectively serve their communities. Now, responders in Portland, Oregon, and Reno, Nevada, are creating new solutions to make this system more efficient.
Missing a doctor's appointment is not one sided. Hospitals lose money and doctors lose time that they could be using to attend to other patients when one doesn't show up for an appointment. Dr. Alex King believes that through testing and then implementing certain behavioral nudges, hospitals will stop losing as much money and patients will benefit from a better overall experience.
Community leaders are working together to address the issue of food insecurity in Mansfield, caused not just by lack of access to grocery stores and fresh food sources, but also often by unemployment, high housing costs, low wages, poverty, and health care costs. The North End Local Foods Initiative is installing food gardens in these communities, creating access to fresh produce, to educational opportunities, recreational activity and more.