Across the country in efforts to diminish violent crime, police agencies like that in Rockland, IL, are revisiting a model law enforcement strategy of the 1970s, "community policing," as an alternative to the more recent "broken windows" style of the late nineties and early aughts. Research substantiates its effectiveness, too, in building citizens' trust of law enforcement, helping a community's ability to solve its own problems, and, in turn, decreasing crime rates; despite redefined priorities in the wake of 9/11 and post-recession budget cuts, community policing is again on the rise and bringing positive results, too.
Call it "carbon compensation": in a randomized experiment in western Uganda, scientists demonstrated the effectiveness of paying rural farmers not to chop down trees (responsible for annual CO2 emissions worldwide), studying for two years the declines in forest cover between a control group (no payment) and the participant group (paid). Thus building on a United Nations project in which wealthy nations pay poorer ones in an attempt to equalize the costs of responding to climate change, the design and outcome of the project proves the existence of a low-cost environmental policy solution to stemming rising global temperatures.
Cleveland has been battling human trafficking in various forms. In charge of those efforts are a small group of people who have used billboards and gift bags –amongst other creative ways– to fight human trafficking.
An alternative approach to education has long existed, but in the last decade, collaborations between non-profit student-support organizations and public schools have fostered a model called "Last-Chance Schools" with remarkable success among the population served: high-school students who dropped out, often for reasons related to economic disadvantages, unaddressed mental health challenges, violence and unstable home lives. As several Boston charter schools demonstrate with "last-chance" programs, though, use of social-emotional learning, conflict-mediation instead of zero-tolerance discipline, and flexible curricula based on "what you know," has helped over 65% of their students graduate -- with 70% going on to college -- and boasts one of the lowest suspension rates in Massachusetts.
The rapid evolution of technology is continually opening new doors for how microfinance projects can be implemented, improved, and scaled. The team at ADDO A.I. sees artificial intelligence as the catalyst for both microfinance and microinsurance in the emerging markets of Asia. A.I. reduces the need for human assessments, facilitating faster pay-outs and reduced losses through predictive data, while combining information such as financial histories and social media activity with historic context data to create fair, realistic risk assessments that lead to improved credit products.
ParkRx, as one of many new programs spanning several states, allow doctors to give out Park Prescriptions to their patients in order to encourage them to go to parks and get physical activity. THese programs are a way to encourage exercise, open patient and doctor dialogues, and reduce the use of medications or procedures.
GreenCityForce has expanded to many of New York City's public housing projects with a two-pronged approach: helping to develop professional skills and job opportunities to young adult residents with high school diplomas, while simultaneously addressing the need to transition to a more environmentally-sustainable city. So far it has not only provided opportunities for youths but also help promote sustainable living, such as installing energy-efficient light bulbs.
Mitigating homelessness on Los Angeles' infamous "Skid Row" comprises myriad obstacles, from securing funds and fostering political will needed to create affordable housing, to overcoming local residents' concern that shelters bring crime, blight and diminished property values. But a collaboration between city officials, a USC architecture class project, and the Skid Row Housing Trust has responded with a multi-pronged solution in "pod-style" housing units: a cost-effective pre-fab design technology eases their transportation, on-site construction and visual imposition on a neighborhood, while the pods' zoning classification as "congregant housing" minimizes the risk for local opposition to homeless support services on claims of structural or aesthetic noncompliance.
Given climate change, population pressures, and mobilization epidemics are only going to occur more frequently, and past ones have proven to be disastrous and expensive. The Center for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) is focused on developing vaccines to viruses such as ebola, as well as creating a fast approval path for future vaccines and help increase global preparedness for future epidemics.
It is expensive to be poor in America. When a mother of two could not afford repairs, lost her job and found her self homeless with her children. It seemed as if there was no hope in the world. The Pathway of Hope program by the salvation army helped that mother to pick her self up and start over.
Microfinance was widely lauded for decades as a surefire and promising way to break the cycle of poverty and uplift the economies of the developing world, especially when targeted for women. But hard data has shown that, on its own, micro-loans don't serve to create sustainable change without a comprehensive approach, and that there are many other factors - such as education and healthcare - to consider when leveraging these tools.
Kentucky is rethinking its penal system for dealing with drug offenders and has shown success in reducing recidivism and relapse rates. Instead of leaving addicts to languish in the typical jailhouse environment of "extortion, violence and tedium," more than two dozen of the state's county jails have created separate units devoted to full-time addiction treatment and support-services for prisoners that involve peer-policing.
Many young people turn to drug use without sufficient support systems. A group of ex-users of narcotics formed a football team, providing social support, a distraction and excersise which is proven to aid in recovery from drug use.
The Martu people, once again granted rights to their native land, are bringing back the bioregenerative technique of small-scale land burning. In the past century, wildfires have ravaged the areas these people call home and has lead to the loss of over 18 species of animal. It is hoped that by imparting this traditional method of ecological maintenance that wildfires will diminish along with the extinction that they bring.
With the reintroduction of predators such as wolves and grizzly bears in Montana's national parks, ranchers' livestock are increasingly being targeted by these carnivores. When livestock is threatened their health decreases due to the stress of survival. To mitigate this issue, livestock composting sites have been created providing meat for the predators and increased safety for the ranchers and their livestock.
A report by the Rails to Trails Conservancy in Milwaukee has identified how increased access to bike paths could be a catalyst for development and economic growth in low-income, minority neighborhoods where people are less likely to be able to afford a car. Ironically, it is those neighborhoods that currently have the fewest bike trails. To call attention to this, the study created a "connectivity score" outlying the massive potential that bike trails create to key community entities such as schools, hospitals, and employment centers, while better connecting diverse neighborhoods and improving overall quality of life for the city as a whole, as they have done in Minneapolis.
The Primate’s World Relief and Development Fund (PWRDF) is working to implement maternal and newborn child health programs in East Africa. Though the project has incorporated a wide-range of initiatives, many of them have relied on a single underlying principle that has proven to be effective: the empowerment of local women.
Chehalis had such a low college admissions and graduation rate that the Washington county was not competitive in the midst of the technology jobs in the state. The Chehalis school district has teamed up with the Chehalis Foundation, a non-profit that fundraises for schools, and has helped the district to purchase new technology, offer free classes, and fund student counseling services. The district succeeded in changing the social norms that a college education wasn’t necessary, by forming partnerships with community colleges and advocating for higher education through social events.
Dorchester, the Boston neighborhood with the highest poverty levels, struggles to keep kids in school from engaging with gangs and crime to make money for themselves and their families. But College Bound Dorchester (CBD) is fast rewriting the solution to high drop out and recidivism rates, paying ex-offenders a weekly stipend to enroll in and complete a diploma program and proceed to (and through) college. With "core influencers" -- ex-gang members who have "left behind their troubled pasts" -- as role models in the community, CBD emulates similar programs in Chicago and Baltimore, and studies show the initiative is working.
Many Nepalese women are lacking a place in the job market and unable to support themselves in the Nepalese economy. A traditional way of weaving has brought a new source of income to some women entrepreneurs.
Extensive research by TARU, an Indian thinktank, shows how cities and towns in India have combined decentralized action and "multi-stakeholder engagement" in public policy to respond to problems of scarcity in water and power as well as climate change-related natural disasters. With "active engagement of communities, scientists, civil society and an elected representative," municipalities put responsibility for improving local lives at the grassroots level; integrate disruptive technologies from the private sector; and foster collaboration between government and citizens.
Hopeworks 'N Camden prepares teens for jobs in Camden, NJ. through programs aimed to address any previous childhood trauma or socioeconomic stresses. It was characterized by set backs but the program is proving to set to provide the next generation with employable skills.
In 1986, the city of Baltimore battled the Reagan administration over its local anti-apartheid ordinances—and won. How they prevailed may have important lessons for cities trying to resist Trump today; from his policies regarding immigration to climate change.